Anchor Standard #8 ASL Tense
Benchmark #3 Applied Tense Study in ASL
OBJECTIVE 220.127.116.11. Given ASL sentences that use tense markers, categorize the sentences according to the three larger tense categories: (1) those indicating events occurring RIGHT NOW, (2) events having occurred BEFORE NOW, and (3) events that will occur AFTER NOW.
Compose an additional sentence using a new tense marker that maintains the same tense category.
• LCD projector
• ASL sentences marked by tense
• iPads or similar recording devices
Describe that we will be categorizing the TENSE of various sentences. Our job will be to highlight the evidence in the videotext that indicates the Tense Category that applies to each predicate/event. Display the TENSE Category Sheets for future reference.
After categorizing, our job will be to think of new sentences with different tense markers from the same tense category. This means that we will have to be creative about the options we use for composing new ASL sentences.
Do the first one together. Show the following sentence:
Students should readily recognize that this is sentence reflects BEFORE NOW Tense. They should highlight the sign FINISH as a tense marker for BEFORE NOW.
Describe that we will now have to think of another way to sign the same sentence, while maintaining the same tense. For example, we could sign the same idea in this way:
Highlight how FINISH and BEFORE are both TENSE Markers from the BEFORE NOW category!
Ask students if they have other ideas about how else the same sentence could be signed applying BEFORE NOW tense. Solicit answers and record them for review. Importantly, the sentence doesn’t necessarily have to mean exactly the same thing. The sentence simply has to maintain the same tense. For example, we could also sign:
YESTERDAY I EAT LUNCH.
TWO HOURS AGO I EAT LUNCH
Highlight the various tense markers that students used to indicate each tense category. Once you are confident that students are clear about the expectations, have them work in teams to apply the same analysis to the following examples.
Have the teams record their answers on video so they are ready to share their ideas once they are done. There are many creative ways for you to make this lesson happen! Feel free to extend or innovate on the plan we have outlined.
1. TWO-YEARS-from now I GO COLLEGE.
2. SOMEDAY WILL DEAF PRESIDENT.
3. DAD COME NOW PICK-ME-UP.
4. NEXT WEEK RAIN EVERYDAY.
5. LONG-LONG AGO DINOSAURS LIVE HERE.
6. I FLY-to EUROPE THREE-WEEKS-from now
7. I FEEL MY HEART BEAT-fast NOW!
8. GRANDMOTHER WILL VISIT-me.
9. SOON MY CAT BORN KITTENS!
10. MY UNCLE FINISH LEFT.
Review answers the once the exercise is completed. Check for comprehension and accuracy.