Objective 1.8.3.4

Anchor Standard #8 ASL Tense
Benchmark #3 Applied Tense Study in ASL

OBJECTIVE 1.8.3.4. Change the tense of sentences by replacing tense markers form one category with tense markers from another category.

 

LESSON PLAN

Lesson Materials:

• LCD projector
• Tense Category Poster/Headings
• Computer/Phone/tablet for recording student answers

Lesson Procedure:

In this lesson, we will be asking students to change the tense of sentences according to prescribed guidelines.

We will see groups of sentences that share the same tense. Our job will be to change the tense of these sentences using tense markers from another category. Pass out the Activity Sheets, they will help add a visual context to the activity.

Our first group of sentences will be in Occurring NOW Tense (present). We will be changing our sentences to Before NOW Tense (past).

Do the first one together.

Example A:

NOW I PLAY VIDEO GAME.

Note that the tense of this example is Occurring NOW, as we see the tense marker NOW. Stop the video at the tense marker to reinforce this. Explain that we will have to change the tense by picking a new tense marker from the BEFORE NOW category. Now, show the following video that changes the tense of this sentence to PAST.

Example B:

I PLAY VIDEO GAMES RECENTLY.

Ask students to think of other BEFORE NOW tense markers they might use. Have them share their ideas. You can remind students about the inventory of tense markers we developed in Objective 1.8.3.2. This would be an excellent resource to consult. Ask students to apply the same procedure to the following examples working as a class, in teams, or independently.

1. NOW MY MOM MAD.
2. NOW I SEE RAINING+++.
3. I WATCH TV NOW.
4. JOHN GO MUSEUM NOW.

Our second group of sentences will be in BEFORE NOW Tense (past). Our job will be to change BEFORE NOW Tense sentences into AFTER NOW Tense (future) sentences.

Do the first one together.

Example C:

I WENT DENTIST TWO HOURS AGO.

Play the video, rewind it and stop the video at the tense marker (TWO-HOURS AGO). Reinforce that the tense of this example is BEFORE NOW. Explain that we will have to change the tense by picking a new tense marker from the AFTER NOW category. Now, show the following video that changes the tense of this sentence to future tense.

Example D:

NEXT MONTH I GO-to DENTIST.

Ask students to think of other AFTER NOW tense markers they might use. Have them share their ideas. We have already listed options in Objective 1.8.3.2., using that resource can be valuable.
Again, asking students to work as a class, in teams, or independently, apply the same procedure to the following examples:

5. WOMAN RECENLTY MAD.
6. MY BROTHER FINISH SET UP EMPTY GLASSES.
7. 8 O’CLOCK THIS AM GRANDFATHER FINISH STRETCH.
8. LAST YEAR POPULAR HAIRSTYLE SHORT.

Once you have competed these examples, ask students to change the same four sentences into Occurring NOW tense (present). This will be an easier and straightforward task as students will simply apply the NOW tense marker. Reinforce that Occurring Now means that we can currently see the predicate happening or that the PREDICATE is characterized by a described state RIGHT NOW.

When you have finished, review everyone’s answers for appropriateness and accuracy.